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铝及铝合金彩色导电氧化工艺介绍

发布时间:2021/04/25

        lvjilvhejinjingdaodianyanghuagongyichulizhihou,suohuodeyanghuamorengyouyouliangdedaodianxingneng,zheishiqiteyoudexingneng,erqiemocengdefanghujizhuangshixingnengyehenhao,chunlvbiaomiandemocengsecaibixincengcaihongsedunhuamogengyazhi,juyoujiaoqianqiejunyundexiwensecai,shihenyouyingyongqianjinghetuiguangjiazhidegongyi。

  lvjilvhejindaodianyanghuagongyicaozuojianbian,wuxushebei,jinnianlaiyouguandaodianyanghuamocengyiyuxifuyouji,jiehelilianghaoderenshidedaojinyibudetigao,yineryongzuotuzhuang(dianyong、penqi)jidideyingyongfanweiyededaozhubukuoda。

  yuchuligongyizhongxuyaozhuyidejutixijie

  lvzhicailiaozaikongqizhongshijibuwendingde,rongyishengchengyongrouyanyenanyishibiedeyanghuamo。youyulvjianjiagonggongyifangfadebutong,ruzhuzaochengxing,huoshiyouyanyabancaizhijiejianqieercheng,huoshijixiejingxijiagongchengxing,huoshijingbutonggongyichengxinghouyoujingrechulihuohanjiedeng,gongjianbiaomiandouhuichengxianbutongzhuangtai,butongchengdudewuwuhuohenji,weicizaiqianchuligongxuzhongbixugenjugongjianbiaomiandeshijiqingkuangxuanzeqianchulidegongyifangfa。

  (1)jingxijiagongjianzaiqianchuligongxuzhongxuyaozhuyidewenti:jingxijiagongjiansuiranbiaomiandeziranyanghuamocaichushengcheng,jiaoyiqingchu,danyounizhong,tebieshikongyanneijiqizhouwei(yinjijiagongguochengzhongrunhuaxuyaoertianjiade),zheileigongjianbixuxianjingyoujirongjiqingxi,ruozhijieyongjianxibudanyounizhongnanyichujing,qiejingxijiagongmianchengshoubulezhangshijiandeqiangjianfushi,jieguohaihuiyingxiangdaogongjianbiaomiandecucaochengduhegongchadepeihe,zuizhongyoukenengchengweifeipin。

  (2)zhuzaochengxingjianzaiqianchuligongxuzhongxuyaozhuyidewenti。zhuzaochengxingjianbingfeisuoyoubiaomiandoujingguojixiejiagong,weijingjijiagongdebiaomianliuyoujiaozhuguochengzhongxingchengdeguohouyanghuaceng,youdehaijiayoushaceng,cishiyingxianyongjijiagonghuofangfaxianchuquzheiyibuweideyuanshiyanghuamo,huoshijingjianxihouzaijiagong,zhiyouzheiyangcainengjichujingweijiagongbuweideyuanshiyanghuaceng,youkebimianjijiagongbuweigongchachicundegaibian。

  (3)jingguorechulihuohanjiegongyidegongjianzaiqianchuligongxuzhongxuyaozhuyidewenti:angongyiyaoqiu,gongjianzhuanrurechulihuohanjiegongxuzhiqianxujingyoujirongjiqingxi,chujingbiaomianyouwu,danmuqianyibanzuobudaozheiyidian,gugongjianbiaomianxingchengyicengyouwushaojiedejiaohuawu,zheicengjiaohuawuzaiyoujirongjizhongshinanyichujingde,ruojinpaozaijianyezhonghuiyinqijubufushi,chanshengmadianhuozaochengaotubuping,yanzhongyingxiangchanpinzhiliang。bizheyongnongxiaosuanjinpaodefangfalaipaoruanzheicengjiaohuawu,daijiaohuawusongruanhouzaizaijianyezhongshaojiaqingxijinengchedichujing。

  yuchulideyixiejutifangfaruxia。

  ①youjirongjichuyou。youwubutaiyanzhongdekezairongjizhongduanshijianjinpao;youwuyanzhongdeyingyongmianshazhanrongjikaica,huoyongzongshuashuaxi。caozuozhongyaozhuyianquan,yonghoushengyurongjiyaotuoshanbaoguanhao。

  ②lianggan。wuluncaiyonghezhongyoujirongjideqingxifangshi,lianggangongxujuebukeshenglve,fouzejianghuishiquqingxiyiyi。

  ③bangzha。bangzhayongdecailiaoyixuanyonglvsi,jinyongtongsiheduxintiesi,keyongtuiquxincengdetiesi。

  shaodadedanjianbangzhayaokaolvbangzhaweizhi,bingjinkenengbangzaililingjianbianyanjiaojindekongyanzhong,yijianshaoduigongjianbiaomiandeyingxiang。

  butongzhonggongjianbuyitongbangyuyichuanzhong,yinbutongchengfen(paihao)delvcaiyanghuachulishijianshiyousuoqubiede。

  zhuyisuobangzhadegongjianxuankongshidefangxiang,yaobimianaorubuweiyinchaoxiaerchanshengwoqi。

  jianxidaogongjianbiaomianyouwuchujingweizhi。

  ④jianxi

  ⑤xunhuanshuichongxi。jianxihoudechongxikexianyongreshuichongxi,zheiyangyouliyuxijinggongjianbiaomianshangdejianxingwuzhi。youmangkong、xiafengdegongjianyaojiaqiangduigaibuweidechongxi,bingshuaijingqizhongdecanliurongye,bingdangjizhuanxiaosuanchuguang,yimianzaoshouyanghua。

  ⑥xiaosuanchuguang

  ruochulizalv、zhulvhaiyingzaicipeifangdejichushangtianjia50ml/lqingfusuan,yijiasuchuqujianxishinianfuzailvjianbiaomiandeburongwu。

  658.yanghuachengmogongxudejishuyaoqiu

  (1)yanghua。rongyepeifangjigongzuotiaojian:

  jingqianchulihouyaolijizhuanruyanghuagongxu,yifangyingongjianzaidaqizhonggezhiguojiueryoushengchengziranyanghuamoeryingxiangyanghuacengdezhiliang。zaidujinpaozaiqingshuizhongsuiyouyubaoluzaidaqizhong,danyebuyijinpaoguojiu,ruguojinpaozai3%dexixiaosuanzhongyibanjinpaol5~30minzhineirengkejixuyanghua,danruoshijianguojiuduimocengdeshengchengyehuiyouyingxiang,youqihanyoutongdengzazhidejiuxiaosuan。

  yanghuaguochengzhongrongyedewendushizhiguanzhongyaodegongyitiaojian,rongyewenduguogao,chengmosudujiakuai,yanghuamorongyichuxianfenhua;rongyewenduguodi,chengmosuduhuanman,suoshengchengdemosediaopiandan,fuzhelicha。

  zaitongyixinghaolvcaiweiqiudebiaomianjibenyizhidesecai,yingzaitongyirongyewenduxiachulitongyangshijian。

  fanweineiwenduyushijianchengfanbi,jirongyewenduyuegao,suoxushijianyueduan,fanzhisuoxushijianyuezhang。

  lvcaichunduyuegaosuoxudeyanghuachulishijianyuezhang。yanghuachulishijianbuzu,shengchengdeyanghuamoguoyuqiandan;lvcaichundudi,yanghuashijiansuoduan,fouzeyanghuamoxianchenjiu,shenzhiyingxiangmocengdedaodianxingneng。

  weilehuodejunyundeyanghuamosecai,xiaojianyanghuashikezairongyezhongduohuangdong,dajiankecaiqujiaobanrongyehuojingchuli(bujiaobanrongye、buhuangdonggongjian),yifanggongjiandebianyuanbuweiyurongyedejiaohuanjihuibigongjiandezhongxinbuweiduoerchanshengbujunyundeyanghuamosecai。

  (2)xunhuanshuichongxi。duiyuyoumangkong、xiafengdegongjianyaojiaqiangduizheixiebuweidechongxi,bingshuaijinglimiandecanliurongye,yifangyanghuarongyeliuchulaiyanghuamianshoupohuai。

  (3)zijian。gongjianjingxunhuanshuichongxihouyijizijianzhiliang,rufaxianyouquexiandekezaijianyezhongtuichu,chuguanghouzhongxinyanghua。ruoganzaohouzaituichu、fanxiu、zejiaonantuichu,qiejiaoyisunshangjiti。

  (4)ganzao。ganzaoshiweihuzhiliangdeguanjian,yanghuajianxuzaiganzaozhiqianxianshuaiqugongjianbiaomiandeyoulishui,ranhouzaiyangguangxiapushai。yekezai45~50℃tiaojianxiahongkaoganzao,wendubukeguogao,yimiankaojiao、laohua、chuxianliefeng,waibiaosecaixiandechenjiu。

  659.damianjijiandelvhua

  (1)zhengtichuli。genjuyanghuajiandewaiyanchicun(shidangfangkuanyuliang),yongmutiaohuozhuankuaiweichengyigekuang,kuangneipushang,xingchengyigeaoxingshuichi,qigaoduruochulibanzhuangjiande,zeyou100mmzuoyoujike,caozuoshizhiyaojianggongjianzaicichineishang、xiahuangdong,jikeshiqibiaomianxingchengyanghuamo。

  (2)fenbuweichuli。fenbuweichulijigongjianzaicao(chi)neixianhouzaibutongbuweiyicikuaisubiangenghuozhuandong,shizhenggegongjianbiaomianyurongyeduocijiechuerzhujianxingchengbingjiahouyanghuamodecaozuofangfa。

  caiyongyishangliangzhongfangfa,jikemianyuzhizuodaxingducao、peizhidaliangrongye,qiejianshaozhangqishaoyoushiyongerzaochengdelangfei,haikemianyuzhanyongchejianneideshengchanmianji。

  660.yanghuamosecaibujunyundesanzhongkenengyuanyin

  (1)gongjianmianjiguoda,caozuoshizaicaoneibaidongguoda,bianyuanhezhongxinbuweiyurongyedejiechu、gengxin、jiaohuanyouguodadechayi,congerdaozhiyanghuamosecaibuyizhi。.

  yufangfangfa:yanghuashigongjianbaidongdefuduyaoxiao,jingchuliyekeyi,dandangrongyewenduguodishirongyichuxiandituzhuanghuaban,xiandebuziran。

  (2)baolvjianjiagongshibufenbaolvcengzaodaopohuai,beiqiexuediao,waicengbaolv,beibaodeneicengshizalv,liangzhonglvzhichayijiaoda,guyanghuahouchuxian“liangdianfeng”sidebandian。zheiyixianxiangkehuwangwangbuhuitailijie,changjiayaoduozuojieshigongzuo,shuomingyuanwei,yimianyinqiwujie。

  (3)gongyicaozuofangmianwenti

  ①gongjianjianshichulibuchedi,jubuchuyuanshiyanghuamo、wuwuweinengchujin;

  ②jianshihoumeiyoudangjijinxingchuguangchuli,gongjianbiaomianrengchengjianxing;

  ③gongjianzaichuandiguochengzhongjiechuguoyiwu。

  dangyuyoumocengsecaibujunyunshiyaocongduofangmianquxunzhaoyuanyin,caiquzhenduixingcuoshiyuyijiejue。

  661.youjianshiyezhonglvlizijijuguogaoyinqiguzhang

  yiweiduzhelaidianxunwengongjianjingjianshihounanyihuodedaodianyanghuamodeyuanyin,jingduidaodianyanghuamonanyixingchengdezhuduoyinsupaichuzhihou,kaolvdaojianshiyezhongshifouyouguogaolvliziwenti,duifangshuojianshiyehenchou。danjianshisudubukuai。dangshibizhejianyigenghuanjianshiye,yinweijianshiyeshiyongshijianguozhangzhihouhuijijuguoduodelvlizi,lvlizizaigongjianbiaomianjiaonanxituo,congeryingxianglvjianbiaomianyudaodianyanghuarongyedejiechu,congeryingxiangdaoyanghuamodexingcheng。lingyijianyishiruodangshiwutiaojiangenghuanjianshirongye,kejiangjianshihoudegongjianjingreshuipiaoxihoulijizailiudongshuizhongpiaoxi,ranhouzaizaihanyouqingfusuandenongxiaosuanzhongchuguang,ranhoujingchongfenpiaoxihoujinxingdaodianyanghuachuli。hougaiduzhelaidianhuashuojianshihouyongreshuixitangxiaoguohenhao。

  bizhejingyanshi,zaireshuizhongxitanghouxunsulikaireshuibingdangjijinruliushuizhong,fangzhigongjianganhuahouyinzaodaoyanghuaeryingxiangdaodaodianyanghuamodexingcheng。

  662.yanghuamofuzhelichadesidayuanyinkenengyuanyin:

  (1)yanghuamoguohou(yanghuashijianguozhang);

  (2)yanghuarongyenongduguoda;

  (3)yanghuarongyewenduguogao;

  (4)yanghuamoweijinglaohuachuli。

  caozuozhekegenjushangshuduiyanghuamofuzheliyouyingxiangdesidianyinsujinxingdiaozheng。

  663.yanghuajiandekongyanjiqizhouweijiaonanxingchengyanghuamozhuyaoyouruxialiangzhongyuanyin。

  (1)gongjianjianxihouchongxibuchedi。jianxishijinrukongyanneidejianyeruweinengchongxiganjing,yanghuachulihoujianyehuicongkongyanzhongliuchulai,zhishikongyanzhouweideyanghuamozaodaofushi。

  (2)gongjiandekongyanzhouweiyouhuangyou。lvcaigongluokongshihense,caozuozhechangyituhuangyoulairunhua,jianxishiruguojianyezhongquefaruhuaji,huangyoushihennanchujinde。

  jiejuefangfa:

  (1)zaijianxizhiqianxianyongqiyouxishuayibian,jianxiyezhongyingtianyouruhuaji;

  (2)gongjianjianxihouyingchongxiganjing。

  664.yanghuamodaodianxingcha

  yuanyin:yanghuashijianguozhang,yanghuamoguohou。angongyiyaoqiude30~60scaozuo,suohuodedeyanghuamochengqiancaihongse,mocengdaodianxinglianghao,jibenshangcebudaodianzu,ruoyanghuashijianguozhang,mocenghouduzengjia,budanhuiyingxiangmocengdedaodianxingneng,mocenghaihuichengtuhuangse,xiandechenjiu。

  yufangfangfa:caozuoshijianyingyangekongzhi。

  665.houchuligongxuzhongxuzhuyidesidian

  (1)reshuichongxi。reshuiximudeshilaohuamoceng。danshuiwenheshijianyaoyangekongzhi,shuiwenguogaomocengjianbo,yansebiandan。chulishijianguozhangyehuichuxianshangshuleisiwenti,shiyidewenduheshijianshi:

  wendu40~50℃shijian0.5~1min

  (2)ganzao。ganzaoyiziranliangganweihao,jingreshuichongxiguodegongjianxieguayujiazishang,ranggongzuobiaomiandeyoulishuiyichuizhifangxiangxiangxialiu。liuzhixiaduanjiaobiandeshuizhuyongmaojinxiqu,ancifalianggandemocengsecaibushouyingxiang,xiandeziran。

  (3)laohua。laohuafangfakegenjuqihoutiaojianlaijueding,youriguangdexiajikezairiguangxiapushai,yinyutianhuoshidongjikeyonghongxianghongkao,gongyitiaojianshi:

  wendu40~50℃shijian10~15min

  (4)buhegejiandefanxiu。buhegedaodianyanghuamojianyizaiganzao、laohuagongxuzhiqianxiantiaochulai,yinganzao、laohuahoumocengjiaonantuichubinghuiyingxianggongjianbiaomiandecucaodu。ciwentibizhezaigongyishangjinxingleyixiemosuo,jingduozhongfangfashiyan,faxiancaiyongxialiefangfaxiaoguohenhao,fangfajiandan,youbuyingxianggongjianbiaomianzhiliang,jutiguochengruxia。shouxianjiangbuhegedegongjianjiazailvyongdeshang,ranhouanlvzailiusuanrongyezhongdefangfajinxingyangjichuli2~3min,daimocengsongruan、tuoluo,zaijingjianyeshaojiaqingxijixiaosuanchuguanghoujikezhongxinjinxingdaodianyangjihua。